As world leaders start gathering in New York for Monday’s UN Local weather Motion Summit, a big group of multinational firms together with Swiss Re, Danone, Ikea, Salesforce and L’Oréal have pledged to drastically lower greenhouse fuel emissions.
With right this moment’s announcement of 59 new signatories, the UN International Compact now has 87 firms, with a mixed market cap of $2.3tn, on board with its marketing campaign to maintain world warming beneath 1.5 levels centigrade. The initiative launched earlier this yr with 28 firms signing up in July, together with Levi Strauss, AstraZeneca and Unilever.
Firms signing on with the UNGC pledge have agreed to set independently verified “science-based” targets and create decarbonisation plans inside 24 months to start out bringing their emissions all the way down to maintain warming beneath 1.5C. Signatories even have the choice to publicly decide to reaching net-zero emissions by no later than 2050.
Greater than 600 firms had already pledged to do their half in limiting world warming to 2C as set out within the 2016 Paris local weather accord, however their progress on really hitting these targets has been patchy. Solely 15 per cent of the world’s largest 500 firms are on monitor.
Nonetheless, the quickly rising variety of firms taking motion on local weather change is proof of a “huge mental revolution” on this planet of enterprise, mentioned Andrew Steer, a board member on the Science Based mostly Targets Initiative — a coalition between the UNGC and numerous environmental analysis and activist teams in command of vetting the businesses signing the pledge.
“Simply 5 or 10 years in the past, the overwhelming majority of CEOs, boards and governments believed it could be good to do one thing about local weather change however it could require a commerce off,” Mr Steer mentioned. “Now, their view is that sensible insurance policies on local weather change encourage extra useful resource effectivity and [the development of] new expertise . . . which may result in extra, moderately than much less, competitiveness.”
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Activating the non-public sector within the battle in opposition to local weather change has a been one in every of UN Secretary Basic António Guterres’s priorities, however he famous there may be nonetheless an extended method to go. “It’s encouraging to see many first-movers within the non-public sector align with civil society and bold governments by stepping in assist of a 1.5C future,” mentioned Mr Guterres. “Now we want many extra firms to hitch the motion, sending a transparent sign that markets are shifting.”
Mr Guterres has taken a tough line on local weather change in his tenure as secretary-general. At this week’s local weather change summit, he’s set to bar leaders from the US, Brazil and Saudi Arabia from taking the stage due to their failure to assist the Paris local weather settlement.
A handful of power firms have signed as much as the UNGC’s new pledge, however oil majors and lots of different massive polluters are conspicuously absent from the listing of signatories. Nevertheless, the way in which the settlement is designed, firms are committing to push their whole provide chains — together with their power suppliers — to grow to be extra local weather pleasant, which ought to have a knock-on impact and stress non-signatories to wash up their acts.
Tuesday, 17 September, 2019
Salesforce, for instance, is requiring its heaviest polluting suppliers to set science-based emissions discount targets of their very own, mentioned Patrick Flynn, vice-president of sustainability.
Nestlé, one other signatory, is making ready an emissions discount plan that may end in sweeping modifications for the farmers and packaging firms that it really works with.
Nevertheless, firms can solely achieve this a lot on their very own. These which are severe about preventing local weather change want to make use of all the choices they’ve accessible to them, together with their means to affect public coverage, Mr Flynn mentioned.
“The enterprise neighborhood coming collectively is important however not adequate,” he mentioned. “We’d like extra daring concepts and ambition from all components of society . . . and we may use regulation as nicely.”