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This story initially appeared on Outdoorsy.

In a nationwide effort to gradual the unfold of the coronavirus and the illness it causes, COVID-19, hundreds of thousands of Individuals have transitioned to distant work. The brand new COVID-19 vaccine might depart many questioning whether or not the inflow of distant work will recede with the coronavirus. Some corporations have already dedicated to distant working circumstances past 2020 — even completely — however there are a number of jobs that merely can’t be carried out from residence. Those that work in upkeep, meals preparation, development, and far of the well being care business are sometimes (or all the time) required to bodily be someplace apart from residence.

Nonetheless, roughly one-third of all jobs could be carried out remotely. Analyzing two surveys carried out by the Occupational Data Community, researchers on the College of Chicago formulated a work-from-home measure for every of 22 main occupational teams. Utilizing that measure and up to date employment knowledge from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), researchers at Outdoorsy calculated the proportion of every U.S. metropolitan space’s workforce that may conduct work completely from residence. Making use of academic attainment, wage, and minority inhabitants knowledge to the evaluation, researchers recognized some key takeaways.

Elements linked to the flexibility to work remotely

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Because it seems, academic attainment is a powerful predictor of the flexibility to work remotely. Citing responses supplied within the annual American Time Use Survey (ATUS), the BLS found that the proportion of employees who may do no less than some work at home on a median day will increase considerably primarily based on academic attainment. Whereas lower than 5 p.c of employees who didn’t end highschool report being able to performing some work at home, greater than 50 p.c of these with a bachelor’s diploma or larger may.

Instructional attainment is just not the one predictive measure of distant work. The ATUS discovered that sure minorities have been disproportionately underrepresented within the potential distant workforce. General, solely 16.2 p.c of Hispanic or Latino employees and 19.7 p.c of Black or African American employees report having the ability to do a few of their work at home in contrast with 29.9 p.c and 37 p.c of white and Asian American employees, respectively. Along with occupation, residing preparations — together with entry to computer systems and broadband web — might influence the flexibility of many minorities to work remotely. Pew analysis discovered that previous to the pandemic, solely 57 p.c of Hispanics and 58 p.c of Blacks had entry to a pc at residence in contrast with 82 p.c of whites.

The flexibility to work at home has not solely stored hundreds of thousands of Individuals employed this 12 months, however distant work can be financially rewarding. Whereas distant jobs make up 35.5 p.c of all U.S. employment, they account for 45.eight p.c of all U.S. wages. In consequence, areas all through the nation with larger percentages of employees in remote-friendly occupations report usually larger median annual wages.

The prevalence of distant work varies considerably on the state degree. Massachusetts, Maryland, and Virginia prime the record of states with the best share of employees in remote-friendly jobs, reporting 40.2 p.c, 39.6 p.c, and 38.9 p.c, respectively. Utah, Colorado, Washington, and California additionally present excessive percentages, all rating within the prime 10. The bottom share of employees in remote-friendly jobs — simply 29.7 p.c — is in Mississippi.

Giant metros with the best share of employees in remote-friendly jobs

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To search out the metropolitan areas with probably the most remote-friendly jobs, researchers at Outdoorsy analyzed the newest employment knowledge from the BLS’s 2019 Occupational Employment (OES) Survey. A piece-from-home measure that charges an occupation’s viability for distant work created by the Sales space Faculty of Enterprise on the College of Chicago was used to calculate the proportion of employees in remote-friendly jobs in every metro. Researchers ranked metros accordingly. The report additionally consists of the whole variety of employees in remote-friendly jobs, the median annual wage, the inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger, and the minority inhabitants share of every location.

Solely metros with no less than 100,000 residents have been included within the research. Listed below are the big metros (these with no less than 1 million residents) with the best share of employees in remote-friendly jobs.

15. Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade, CA

Adonis Villanueva / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 38.three%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 387,855
Median annual wage: $44,590
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 34.2%
Minority inhabitants share: 47.three%

14. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

Nick Lundgren / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 38.eight%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 765,zero51
Median annual wage: $47,010
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 43.2%
Minority inhabitants share: 23.9%

13. New York-Newark-Jersey Metropolis, NY-NJ-PA

IM_photo / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 39.three%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: three,797,558
Median annual wage: $48,840
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 41.eight%
Minority inhabitants share: 53.1%

12. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 39.four%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 1,081,509
Median annual wage: $40,000
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 39.9%
Minority inhabitants share: 52.four%

11. Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD

ESB Skilled / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 39.four%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 542,859
Median annual wage: $45,810
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 41.9%
Minority inhabitants share: 43.zero%

10. Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

Kevin Ruck / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 39.5%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 598,242
Median annual wage: $47,440
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 45.eight%
Minority inhabitants share: 35.7%

9. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

Albert Pegp / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 40.2%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 811,434
Median annual wage: $53,360
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 44.1%
Minority inhabitants share: 36.zero%

eight. Raleigh, NC

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 40.three%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 261,866
Median annual wage: $41,640
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 48.zero%
Minority inhabitants share: 38.four%

7. Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 40.9%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 239,148
Median annual wage: $50,630
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 39.four%
Minority inhabitants share: 32.2%

6. Salt Lake Metropolis, UT

f11photograph / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 41.2%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 302,815
Median annual wage: $40,120
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 36.5%
Minority inhabitants share: 27.eight%

5. Austin-Spherical Rock, TX

Philip Lange / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 42.2%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 453,316
Median annual wage: $41,560
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 46.2%
Minority inhabitants share: 47.6%

four. Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

ESB Skilled / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 42.three%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 1,183,zero34
Median annual wage: $53,300
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 49.zero%
Minority inhabitants share: 29.1%

three. San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Pius Lee / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 42.eight%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 1,058,683
Median annual wage: $57,zero40
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 51.four%
Minority inhabitants share: 60.zero%

2. Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

f11photograph / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 47.5%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 1,510,494
Median annual wage: $56,320
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 51.four%
Minority inhabitants share: 54.2%

1. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

stellamc / Shutterstock.comShare of employees in remote-friendly jobs: 48.5%
Whole employees in remote-friendly jobs: 553,081
Median annual wage: $61,980
Inhabitants with a bachelor’s diploma or larger: 52.7%
Minority inhabitants share: 67.9%

Methodology and detailed findings

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Researchers used the newest employment knowledge for wage and wage employees from the BLS’s 2019 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey and a work-from-home measure created by the Sales space Faculty of Enterprise on the College of Chicago to calculate the metros with the best share of employees in remote-friendly occupations. Employment totals have been compiled for 22 totally different main occupation teams for every metro. Every occupation group’s employment whole was multiplied by the designated work-from-home measure related to that occupation group. Outcomes have been aggregated for every metro, and metros have been ranked in line with the best share of employees in remote-friendly occupations.

Wage knowledge was additionally collected from the 2019 OES Survey. Instructional attainment knowledge for the inhabitants age 25 and over got here from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2019 American Group Survey 1-12 months Estimates. Every metro’s minority inhabitants share got here from the Census Bureau’s 2018 American Group Survey 5-12 months Estimates.

For relevance, solely metros with no less than 100,000 residents have been included within the report. Metros have been additionally grouped into the next cohorts primarily based on inhabitants:

Small metros: 100,000–349,999 residents
Midsize metros: 350,000–999,999 residents
Giant metros: 1 million residents or extra

Disclosure: The knowledge you learn right here is all the time goal. Nevertheless, we generally obtain compensation while you click on hyperlinks inside our tales.

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